We want to emphasize and clarify guidelines for dog walkers. A dog walkers’ first line of safety in dealing with a coyote always should be vigilance and awareness.
Then, whether a coyote has been spotted in the distance, is approaching, or suddenly appears right next to you, the *first line of action* for a dog walker should be total avoidance — not hazing, which is engagement. Avoidance means tightening your leash and walking away from the coyote, while keeping your eyes on it. This is an easy protocol to follow, especially for dog-walkers with little or no coyote knowledge or experience, and those who are fearful. A person needs simply to get their dog away from that coyote — disengage and move away. TOTAL AVOIDANCE.
This protocol was formulated by Mary Paglieri, Behavioral Ecologist and Wildlife-Human Conflict Expert with 17 years of experience working with urban coyotes. It’s really not practical or fair to ask elderly people or those who are afraid of coyotes to “haze”/harass them. Walking away accomplishes what is needed: the coyote’s entire intention in approaching is to move your dog and you away. So, do it!
Vulnerable smaller dogs which might be viewed as prey should be picked up immediately. If the dog is small enough, tuck it under your shirt or jacket to remove it from view as you are walking away from the coyote. The point is to be pro-active, not reactive, where dogs are concerned. If a coyote were to come close enough, you would be creating the circumstances under which a coyote might try nipping your dog or even grabbing a smaller dog, and then you’d have to fight back. By preventing proximity, you can prevent the situation from ever reaching this point.